Like the previous generation, Pokémon X & Y gives a few new ways for you to encounter Pokémon other than the standard walking around in grass, caves, flowers and surfing/fishing.

Hordes

The most notable change is the Horde encounter. Hordes have their own encounter table and feature a variety of Pokémon in each route which cannot normally be found. They can be found in the grass at random, or triggered through the use of the move Sweet Scent or the item Honey. Hordes are good for EV training as well, so it's always best to try them out.

Shaking Phenomena

Another addition is a variation on the shaking grass/dustclouds from Pokémon Black & White. This time, there will be various shaking areas in routes and caves. In routes, you will find the odd shaking bush which, when you get near, will have the Pokémon leap out/down and attack you.
In caves, there will be shadows on the ground, with bits of dust falling. When you step under it, a Pokémon will swoop down and attack.
Finally, in Lost Hotel and Pokémon Village, you will see various bins. These will occasionally shake and, when you interact with them, will either give you an item or have a Pokémon attack. However, Rotom;s forms can only be found in the bins on Lost Hotel on Tuesdays, and Banette can only be found on Thursdays in the Pokémon Village

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